Repackaging of DDT in Kyrgyzstan

Written by sandra. Posted in Kyrgyzstan

Picture At-Bashy 1  Picture At-Bashy 3

In November 2015, old stocks of DDT were repacked at At-Bashy anti-plague station in Kyrgyzstan. These activities were implemented as a joint effort within the GEF funded UNEP project Demonstrating and Scaling Up Sustainable Alternatives to DDT for the Control of Vector Borne Diseases in Southern Caucasus (Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan) (DDT-project) and the EC FAO partnership project Improving capacities to eliminate and prevent recurrence of obsolete pesticides as a model for tackling unused hazardous chemicals in the former Soviet Union. The U.K. based company Veolia Field Services repacked more than 13 tonnes of DDT at anti plague station At-Bashy in Kyrgyzstan. The DDT was buried in bags and was excavated by Veolia using a local repackaging team from the Ministry of Health.

The safeguarding activities at At-Bashy had been planned as follow-up to previous emergency repackaging of more than 17 tonnes of DDT. Upon request by the Kyrgyz Ministry of Health, the DDT-project undertook emergency safeguarding at the At-Bashy anti-plague station in Kyrgyzstan in December 2013. At this site the store roof was in bad condition and it was feared that during winter the roof might collapse, thus destroying the DDT bags and mix the chemical with the rubble from the destroyed building. In total, 17 tonnes of bags with 10 % powdered DDT was repacked and stored in a shipping container at the site. The 13 tonnes excavated in November 2015 were placed in a shipping container as well.

Besides finalising repackaging at At-Bashy, Veolia also started safeguarding obsolete pesticides stocks at a high risk site at Balakchy (near Issyk-Kul lake). Before the start of repackaging, Veolia trained a repackaging team consisting of staff from the Ministry of Agriculture, Environmental Agency and Ministry of Health. Project partners Green Cross Switzerland and Milieukontakt International additionally organised a training on Monitoring and Supervision of Safeguarding for the same ministries and agencies as well as for staff from the Kyrgyz Environmental Inspection.

It is expected that the remaining stocks of obsolete pesticides at Balakchy will be repacked in January and February 2016. The stocks at Balakchy will also be stored in shipping containers, until a central storage for obsolete pesticides will be built the country or options for local disposal or disposal abroad in licensed facilities will become available.

Obsolete pesticides repackaging campaign at Tajik hot-spot

Written by Wouter Pronk. Posted in Tajikistan

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A pilot repackaging campaign for obsolete stocks of DDT and associated waste started at Anorzor, in Khatlon Oblast, Southern Tajikistan. The repackaging campaign is organized in the frame of the project Demonstrating and scaling up sustainable alternatives to DDT for the control of vector borne diseases in Southern Caucasus and Central Asia (DDT Project).

Together with the Committee for Environmental Protection under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, UNEP project partners Milieukontakt International   and Green Cross Switzerland selected Anorzor as a priority site for this repackaging campaign. Repackaging works are carried out by the Governmental Committee for Emergencies and supervised by Veolia International Field Services from Cardiff in the UK in cooperation with its Greek partner Antipollution SA.

At Anorzor much more pesticides were buried than originally estimated by project partners. Some 80 tonnes are transported to the new central storage facility at Vakhsh burial site, awaiting final destruction in the frame of follow-on projects.

Milieukontakt and Green Cross Switzerland are implementing the DDT Project in the region for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF).

Women are a priority in Tajik awareness raising on risks of obsolete pesticides

Written by Wouter Pronk. Posted in Tajikistan, Uncategorized

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An awareness raising campaign started in Kumsangir rayon, Southern Tajikistan to warn the local population about the environmental and health risks of obsolete pesticides.

A pilot repackaging campaign for obsolete stocks of DDT and associated waste is being prepared for the old pesticides storage facility Anorzor in Kumsangir. The site is prioritized as a hot-spot location in the frame of the project Demonstrating and scaling up sustainable alternatives to DDT for the control of vector borne diseases in Southern Caucasus and Central Asia (DDT Project).

Awareness raising activities are carried out by the Kumsangir Arhus center NGO “Mochi munir” in cooperation with Milieukontakt. Due to poverty and a lack of awareness of the health risks from obsolete pesticides, local people in Tajikistan have been using DDT from different storage facilities and burial sites in the country.

UNEP DDT project builds obsolete pesticides intermediate storage in Tajikistan

Written by Wouter Pronk. Posted in Tajikistan

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An intermediate collection centre (ICC) for obsolete pesticides is ready for use at Vakhsh Burial Site in Khatlon Oblast, Southern Tajikistan. The storage centre is built in the frame of the project Demonstrating and scaling up sustainable alternatives to DDT for the control of vector borne diseases in Southern Caucasus and Central Asia (DDT Project). Vakhsh Burial site is one of the most problematic obsolete pesticides hot-spots in Central Asia that reportedly contains 4000 tonnes of obsolete pesticides including large volumes of DDT.

For many years the site was abandoned and unguarded. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Tajik authorities were not able to maintain Vakhsh well and illegal waste extraction became a daily practice. Even today DDT is openly available at local markets. The chemicals are used as an affordable alternative to the expensive modern plant protection products, but also because ‘nothing works better.’ All this time cattle had free access to the burial site and free access to the heavily polluted standing water in excavation pits.

Obsolete pesticides repackaging training Tajikistan

Written by Wouter Pronk. Posted in Tajikistan

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Intensive training of a Tajik Governmental Committee for Emergencies team in the repackaging of obsolete pesticides has started on Friday 12 June in Khatlon Oblast, Southern Tajikistan. The training is provided in the frame of the project Demonstrating and Scaling Up Sustainable Alternatives to DDT for the control of vector borne diseases in Southern Caucasus and Central Asia. Milieukontakt and Green Cross Switzerland are the implementing this project in the region for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Repackaging of 65 tonnes prioritized DDT will be carried out later this month under supervision of Veolia International Field Services from Cardiff in the UK.

HCH and Pesticides Forum on obsolete pesticides in Spain, 3-6 November 2015

Written by sandra. Posted in Countries, Uncategorized

 

The biannual HCH and Pesticides Forum will be organised in Spain from 3-6 November 2015. The main objectives of this Forum are:

  • to review past and ongoing activities in the field of obsolete pesticides problems in Spain, Central European and EECCA (Easte European, Caucasus and Central Asia) Countries, Africa, Asia and South America;
  • to review recommendations from the 12th Forum (in Kiev, Ukraine) for concrete actions in the EECCA region and assess results;
  • to discuss the national and regional strategies, action plans and financial resources for elimination of the obsolete pesticides – from discussion to action;
  • to review and exchange technologies and experiences on inventory, risk assessment, environmental impact assessment of central stores, environmentally sound management, storage and destruction of obsolete pesticides and contaminated soils;
  • to discuss and review awareness raising activities on the obsolete pesticides problems (globally, regionally, nationally and locally);
  • to show successful regional and national initiatives, engagement of NGOs and academic institutions.

Please find the 1st announcement of the forum here:

http://www.hchforum.com/1stAnnouncement.php

And see the following introduction to the Forum:

Sampling of unknown stocks of obsolete pesticides in Tajikistan

Written by sandra. Posted in Tajikistan, Uncategorized

A national inventory of obsolete pesticide stocks in Tajikistan, recently carried out by FAO Turkey, demonstrated that there are a lot of mixed-unknown stocks in the country. In order to prepare well for repackaging and subsequent destruction of the obsolete pesticides it is necessary to identify the different substances.

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In the frame of the GEF UNEP DDT project Demonstrating and Scaling Up Sustainable Alternatives to DDT for the Control of Vector Borne Diseases in Southern Caucasus and Central Asia, Milieukontakt went to Tajikistan in December to sample two sites where repackaging of 60 tonnes of DDT and associated waste is planned to take place this spring. The samples are currently being analyzed at RIKILT laboratory at Wageningen University, The Netherlands.

Together with the Committee for Environmental Protection under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, Milieukontakt and project partners are preparing the construction of an Intermediate Central Storage to store the repacked pesticides. Ultimate destruction of the stocks will have to be carried out by future projects.

Newsletter EC FAO project on (obsolete) pesticides in the Former Soviet Union

Written by sandra. Posted in Uncategorized

The UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is implementing the large scale project “Improved pesticides and chemicals management in the former Soviet Union” funded by FAO and the EC. Project NGO partners are Green Cross, IHPA, Milieukontakt and the Pesticides Action Network U.K. For the latest newsletter of the project – which includes information on the tendering of waste management services in five FSU countries and Monitoring and Evaluation of the project – please see:

News letter September ENG

And in Russian:

News Letter September RUS

Milieukontakt and obsolete pesticides

Written by sandra. Posted in Kyrgyzstan, Uncategorized

Covering of Kyrgyz dumpsite with obsolete pesticides

 

In the Dutch national newspaper “De Volkskrant” an interesting interview with Milieukontakt’s chairman Bram de Borst was published. He tells among other things about a succesful project implemented in Kyrgyzstan in the last year, whereby Milieukontakt organised for the covering, fencing and guarding of an obsolete pesticides’ dumpsite that posed a great risk to human health and the environment. To read the article in ‘De Volkskrant” (in Dutch), click on the link below.

Article Milieukontakt and obsolete pesticides

International coalition sets out to lower the risks from Kyrgyz pesticides burial site

Written by sandra. Posted in Kyrgyzstan, Uncategorized

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Stocks of obsolete pesticides pose a threat to public health and the environmental in Kyrgyzstan. Exposure to the Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), that many of these stocks contain, can lead to serious health effects including  cancer, birth defects, dysfunctional immune and reproductive systems and diminished intelligence. Unusable stocks piled up in Soviet-time Kyrgyzstan due to over- ambitious planning and mismanagement of pesticides.

Burial site in South Kyrgyzstan – a hotspot that needs direct intervention

As a signatory to the Stockholm Convention, Kyrgyzstan aims to eliminate the obsolete stocks and reduce the release of POPs into the environment. Large international projects will be needed to organise and finance the final disposal of the stocks and it will take time to find enough support to develop and really implement these projects. Today, however,  the health and environmental risks remain urgent and somthing needs to be done.

The burial site in Jalal Abad province for instance is one of the Kyrgyz hot-spots that need direct intervention.  The fencing material that once isolated the site from its surrounding has been taken away by locals and illegal “waste miners” come to the burial site and dig out the pesticides, in order to sell these on the local market as Dust (DDT). They spill the pesticides and pollution of the soil has been observed as a consequence of these activities.

After the consumption of poisoned meat 98 people fell ill and 35 were hospitalised

Another problem is local herds of sheep and cattle passing by the site.  Two years ago 98 people fell ill and 35 were hospitalised after the consumption of the meat of poisoned cows that reportedly drank standing water from pits on the site. This year a herd of 130 sheep died after drinking from the same pits.

An international coalition of NGOs and the Dutch Engineering Company Tauw received funding to lower the short term risks of the Jalal Abad burial site with cost effective and low tech measures to protect the environment and groups at risk from villages close to the site.  Milieukontakt International , Tauw, Green Cross Switzerland, together with the Kyrgyz NGOs Ekois and Green Light joined forces for risk reducing remediation of the site. Awareness raising activities and a social medical intervention to support the village of the people who were poisoned will play an important role. The initiative is financed by the GEF Small Grants Programme for Kyrgyzstan, Green Cross Switzerland, OSCE and the Milieukontakt Private Donations Fund.

New fence to avoid further accidents

During a first mission in July it turned out that there is strong commitment to solve the health and environmental problems from the burial site in Jalal Abad Oblast.  A Memorandum of Understanding, designed as a Go / No Go decision making instrument to measure the commitment of local government, was signed by all relevant stakeholders even before the mission. Moreover, the first steps of technical implementation were already taken. Recently a new fence was build around the site (see the picture above.) These early results give a good perspective for further project implementation and high hopes that the project results will be reached in efficient cooperation with local government and NGOs.

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