Russian Federation

The implementation of the NIP is supported by the GEF/UNEP and is now in its final stage. An inventory has been done according to Russian Federation standards and repackaging is in process, also according to Russian Federation standards. Approximately 1,500 illegal polygons have been identified, and it is estimated that the inventory has revealed 80% of the total number of sites and amounts.

The country reports approximately 100,000 metric tonnes of obsolete pesticides. A slightly differing number was reported by O. Speranskaya at the September 2011 Astana Ministerial Conference with 77,000 metric tonnes.

6,500 metric tonnes of obsolete pesticides (2007) were repackaged and safeguarded as part of the Arctic Council Action Plan which aims at eliminating pollution around the Arctic region (ACAP).

Some hot spots in Russia are:

  • Production of chlorinated organic pesticides at production facilities of the “Khimprom” Industrial Association in Ufa, Chapaevsk, Dzerzhinsk, Sumgait, Vurnary, Volgograd, Novocheboksarsk, Slavgorod, Moscow, Stchelkovo;
  • Chapaevsk: Dioxins were generated in Chapaevsk in the course of production of hexacyclochlorohexane (the production line was decommissioned in 1987). However, other studies show that dioxins may be generated by other production processes as well – e.g. in the course of production of hexachlorobenzene, sodium pentachlorophenolate, polychlorocamphene, hexachoroethane and some other chemicals. Besides that, large quantities of dioxins are contained in on-site production waste (waste of former production of hexacyclochlorohexane, methylchlorophorm and vinylidene chloride). The waste stocks represent a secondary source of environmental pollution.
  • Dzerzhinsk: is a major centre of chemical industry in Russia. Similarly to Chapaevsk, in the period of the Second World War, the Dzerzhinsk chemical plants produced chemical weapons, while in following decades these plants produced hexacyclochlorohexane, hexachlorobenzene and many other chlorinated substances. These production processes are accompanied by releases of such highly toxic environmental pollutants as dioxins.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast: In the period from 1994 to 1996, 12,000 metric tonnes of banned and obsolete pesticides were illegally disposed off at the territory of the oblast. Overall, 114.65 metric tonnes of obsolete and banned pesticides (48 different brands) are stored now in storage facilities in 17 administrative districts. The problem of destruction/burial of these pesticides becomes more and more acute, because of progressive deterioration of storage facilities (due to decentralisation, inadequate control by their owners, lack of money for repair works and lack of opportunities to transport the pesticides from the oblast to destruction).
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